Friday, July 20, 2012

Why do massive tree planting programmes fail ?




Tree planting or afforestation activity is considered one of the most effective ways to counter the multifarious challenges  of environmental degradation. Every year starting from 5th June ( World environmnt day ) we start chanting and advocating the need of tree planting for the environmental protection and amelioration. The month of July (first week) has been earmarked  for the planting  programme in India which is also called as Van Mahotsava (tree festival ). 

I remember  during last 3-4 years there had been enormous activities centering around tree plantations in the name of planting record number of trees in a day, few million tree planting programmes etc. taken up by Corporations /State Governments/organisations. It is yet not known whether all these good numbers of trees planted  have survived ? There is need to take up some realistic  survey or  study to ascertain the efficacy of these ambitious programmes of tree planting.

Let me take a very conservative estimate of even 1 Million or 10 lakhs plants  if survived fully  will cover about an area of 1000 hac ( considering the spacing of 10 met X 10 Met). So even at this conservative tree planting there should have been an increase of 1000 hac every year outside forests but in reality this is not the case.

It is  observed and reported many times  that  most of these programmes of tree planting are not yielding  required results.

There may be many local or specific issues responsible for failure of planting programme but following are few main reasons. 

1.Considering plantation programme as one day activity. 
2.Lack of comprehensive planning  specially regarding  maintenace and protection of plants.
3.Use of substandard seedlings and faulty planting technique.
4.Ignorance and lack of knowledge about site quality including soil type where planting is proposed.
5.Treating the programme as one day affair and not according genuine  priority for environmental protection.
6.Lack of particpation of local prople or communities thereby missing  the opportunity of owning the programme by themselves.
7.Lack of genuine political will and support( including financial )from the Governmment.
8.Non- involvement of other Government departments and treating tree planting  as only the programme of forest deprtment.

The above reasons may or may not be correct in case of tree planting or afforestation prgrammes being umdertaken by the State Forest Departments.

I am sure we can improve the result of sucess of tree planting considerbaly if some of the above mentioned factors are taken care and addressed properly.

Few tips for a successful tree planting  are given in my previous post .Tips for tree planting

6 comments:

  1. I am glad for finding this blog and it was a great pleasure also to drop by here. Very interesting information and I know we could get an inspiring message on this blog about tree planting. Thanks.

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    1. Thanks. I am glad that you found this uaeful.

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  2. This is wonderful blog. The tree is our best friend. Some of them so beautiful some of them in PlantWerkZ.

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  3. Planting tree is very useful not only for the environment but even for people who depend on trees for their livelihood. Many tree planting programs have been conducted over the past years but no one knows the state of these trees now. Grow-Trees.com has taken an initiative to plant trees at different locations across India, on behalf of users who plant trees on their website. People who cannot plant trees on-ground can plant trees through the website at Rs. 60/- per tree. These trees are planted by planting partners at different locations who take care of the tree from a sapling to a fully grown tree.

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    1. Thanks Mr Rajesh for your views and initiatives on tree planting . I wish more and more people join the programme to ameliorate the degraded conditions of the environment specially for the posterity .

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